Ardcloon

Civil Parish of Addergoole

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Ardcloon Townland Stone
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Ardcloon

Ardchluain, High lawn or Meadow

Ardcloon is situated in the civil parish of Addergoole, Barony of Dunmore, County  Galway. It is located in the north east extremity of the parish, bounded on the north and east by the parish of Dunmore, on the west by the townland Carrownthomas, on the south by Carrowntootagh and the parish of Dunmore.

The down survey map (pre Cromwell) under the name ‘Arcloune and Carro Thomas’ shows that the land was owned by the Bishop of Tuam in 1670. 161 acres of both profitable and forfeited were specified.

O’Donovan’s field name books provide various spellings of this townland: Ardcloon, Ard Chluain and Ard Clun. According to this source, Ardcloon was owned by Edmond Concannon which contained 169¾ acres statute measure including 30 acres of bog.

Census 1841 – 1851 

Ardcloon consisted of an area of 169 acres 3 roods 10 perches. In 1841, there were a total of 63 people, 29 were male and 34 were female who occupied a total of 8 houses. In 1851 the total of people decreased to 57, 32 were male and 25 were female who occupied 10 houses. The poor law valuation paid in 1851 was £45-5-0.

Griffiths Valuation 1855

According to Griffiths 1855, the land was owned James Thorngate. He leased tenements to the following: William Quinn, Eliza Quinn, William McHugh, Patrick Prendergast, John Prendergast Junior, John Prendergast Senior, Thomas Quinn, Patrick Monaghan, Thaddeus Hunt Bridget Quinn. William Quinn paid an annual rent of £1-7-0 for 5 acres 2 roods 4 perches of land. Eliza Quinn paid £1-10-0 for 3 acres 2 roods 34 perches of house and land. William McHugh paid £11 for 36 acres of house, offices and land. Patrick Prendergast paid £10 for 9 acres 1 rood 0 perches of house, offices and land. John Prendergast Junior paid £7 for 9 acres 1 rood 9 perches of house and land. John Prendergast Senior paid £11-10-0 for 22 acres 1 rood 10 perches of house, offices and land. John Prendergast senior & junior and Patrick Prendergast together paid £4-4-0 for 14 acres 0 roods 15 perches of land. Thomas Quinn, Patrick Monaghan and Thaddeus Hunt together paid an annual rent of £2-10-0 for 1 acre 1 rood 15 perches of house, offices and land. Thomas Quinn paid £4-10-0 for 8 acres 0 roods 23 perches of land. Patrick Monaghan paid £4-15-0 for 8 acres 3 roods 15 perches of land. Thaddeus Hunt paid £1-5-0 for 2 acres 0 roods 18 perches of land. Bridget Quinn paid £5-15-0 for 9 acres 3 roods 0 perches of house, offices and land. James Thorngate retained an area of bog which consisted of 40 acres 3 roods 17 perches which he paid £0-10-0 for. The total valuation rate paid in Ardcloon  was £65-16-0.

Census 1901

There were a total of 8 houses in Ardcloon in 1901. There were 48 residents in total, 28 were male and 20 were female. All occupants were Roman Catholics. Each individual was born in County Galway except for Mary Prendergast who was born in County Mayo. The heads of households were: William McHugh, Michael Prendergast, John M Prendergast, John Prendergast, John Corley, Michael Quinn, Martin Quinn and William Quinn. The census forms that were collected on the 3rd of April 1901 showed that 8 houses were listed as private dwellings. Each house roof was made of perishable material and the house walls were made of stone, bricks and concrete. 1 house was being built on land that Michael Prendergast owned. Overall there was a total of 25 farm buildings (5 stables, 7 cow houses, 1 dairy, 3 piggeries, 2 fowl houses 5 barns, 1 workshop and 1 forge.)

William McHugh (78) was a widower. He gave his occupation as a farmer. William lived with his 2 sons William (30), Michael (40), daughter-in-law Julia (35), granddaughter Bridget (12), grandsons John (11), William (8), Michael (5), and Thomas (3). William and Michael were both listed as farmer’s sons. Julia was listed as a farmer’s wife. Bridget was listed as a farmer’s daughter. The grandsons were listed as farmer’s sons. The 6 eldest members of the household were able to read and write. William and Michael could read only while naturally their youngest brother could not read at this early stage. The 4 eldest members of the household spoke Irish and English. The McHugh family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms.  William owned the land his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 dairy, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

Michael Prendergast (60) lived with his wife Mary (57), 4 unmarried children, Kate (24), Mary (23), Michael (19), John (17) and granddaughter Delia (2). Michael recorded his occupation as a farmer. Mary gave her occupation as a farmer’s wife. Kate, Mary and Delia were listed as farmer’s daughters. Michael and John were listed as farmer’s sons. Michael, his wife Mary and 4 children could all read and write, they also spoke Irish and English.  Naturally Delia could not read or write at this young age. The Prendergast family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 4 rooms. Michael Prendergast owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

John M Prendergast (70) lived with his unmarried sister Margaret (66). John was also unmarried. John documented his occupation as a farmer and Margaret listed her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. John and Margaret could not read but they both spoke Irish and English. The Prendergast family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. John Prendergast owned the land his house situated along with 1 cow house.

John Prendergast (72) lived with his wife Catherine (56), his son Patt (34), his daughter- in-law Catherine (28) and grandsons John (2) and Martin (1). John recorded his occupation as a farmer and Catherine gave her occupation as a farmer’s wife. Patt worked as a farmer and his wife listed her occupation as a farmer’s wife. John and Martin were both listed as a farmer’s son. John could not read, his wife Catherine could read only, his son Patt and daughter-in-law Catherine could read and write. The 4 eldest members of the family could speak both Irish and English. Naturally the 2 grandsons could not read or write at this early age. The Prendergast family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. John Prendergast owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

John Corley (36) lived with his wife Margaret (35) his 2 daughter’s Honor (12), Mary (10) and his 4 sons Patrick (7), William (5), John (2) and Michael (3 months). John documented his occupation as a black smith but there was no occupation listed for his wife Margaret and 6 children. The 4 eldest members of the family could read and write. They also spoke both Irish and English. Patrick could read only. Naturally the 3 youngest could not at this early stage. The Corley family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. John Corley owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 barn and 1 forge.

Michael Quinn (75) was a widower. He gave his occupation as a farmer. Michael lived with his daughter Margaret (23) and son William (19). Margaret listed her occupation as a farmer’s daughter and William listed his occupation as a black smith. Michael could not read but Margaret and William could both read and write. All 3 members of the family could speak Irish and English. The Quinn family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. Michael Quinn owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable and 1 cow house.

Martin Quinn (60) lived with his wife Margaret (40), his 4 daughters Bridget (18), Norah (16), Mary Ellen (8), Julia (1) and his sons Peter (10) and Bernard (4). Martin listed his occupation as a farmer. Margaret gave her occupation as a farmer’s wife. Bridget, Norah, Mary Ellen and Julia were listed as a farmer’s daughters. Peter and Bernard were listed as a farmer’s sons. Martin, Bridget, Norah and Peter could all read and write. Margaret and Mary Ellen could read only. Martin, Margaret and their 2 eldest daughters could speak both Irish and English. Naturally the 2 youngest could not read at this young age. The Quinn family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. Martin Quinn owned the land his house situated along with 1 cow house.

William Quinn (70) lived with his wife Honor (50), his 2 sons Patrick (26), William (17) and daughter Mary (21). William documented his occupation as a farmer, his wife gave her occupation as a farmer’s wife. Patrick and William were listed as a farmer’s sons. Mary was listed as a farmer’s daughter. William and Honor could not read. Patrick, Mary and William could read and write. All members of the family could speak both Irish and English. The Quinn family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. William Quinn owned the land his house situated along with 1 cow house and 1 barn.

Census 1911

There were a total of 8 houses and 1 shop in Ardcloon in 1911. There were 47 residents in total, 29 were male and 18 were female. All occupants were Roman Catholics. Each individual was born in County Galway except for Patrick Cleary; he was born in County Mayo. The heads of household were: Martin Quinn, William Quinn, William McHugh, Patrick Cleary, Margaret Prendergast, John Corley, John Prendergast, Thomas Forde and Michael Prendergast. The census forms that were collected 22nd of April showed 8 houses were listed as private dwellings and 1 listed as a shop. Each house roof was made of perishable material and the house walls were made of stone, bricks and concrete. The shop roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and the walls were made of permanent material. Overall there were a total of 27 farm buildings (3 stables, 6 cow houses, 1 dairy, 5 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, 7 barns, 1 potato house, 1 shed and 1 forge).

Martin Quinn (70) lived with his wife Margaret (60). At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 30 years, had 7 children, 7 of them whom were still alive in 1911. Martin worked as a farmer. There was no occupation recorded for Margaret. They lived with their 4 single children. Peter (22) and Bernard (15) listed their occupation as a farmers sons. Mary Ellen (17) did not document her occupation. Julia (12) listed her occupation as a scholar. The Quinn family could read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. The Quinn family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. Martin Quinn owned the land his house situated along with 1 barn.

William Quinn (82) lived with his wife Norah (70). At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 43 years had 5 children, 3 of whom were still alive in 1911. William documented his occupation as a land holder. Norah did not list her occupation. They lived with their 2 single children. William (30) documented his occupation as a farmer’s son. Mary did not record her occupation. William and Norah could not read. William and Mary could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. The Quinn family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house 3 rooms. William Quinn owned the land his house situated along with 1 cow house and 1 barn.

William McHugh (90) was a widower and a retired farmer. William lived with his son Michael (60) daughter-in-law Julia (50) and his 3 grandsons. At the time of 1911 census Michael and Julia were married for 22 years had 3 children, 3 of whom were still alive in 1911. Michael documented his occupation as a farmer. Julia did record her occupation. William (17) recorded his occupation as a farmer’s son, while Michael (15) and Thomas were both listed as scholars. The McHugh family could read and write. The 3 eldest members of the family could speak both Irish and English. The McHugh family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. William McHugh owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 dairy, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn, 1 potato house and 1 shed.

Patrick Cleary (35) lived with his wife Kate (32). At the time of the 1911 census, they were just under a year married and they had no children. Patrick recorded his occupation as a farmer. Kate did not document her occupation. Patrick and Kate were both able to read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. The Cleary family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 4 rooms. Patrick Cleary owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Margaret Prendergast (75) was a single woman who could not read but she could speak Irish and English. Delia Nickelson [sic] (11) was a relative of Margaret. Delia listed her occupation as a scholar she could read and write. There was no language documented for Delia. Margaret Prendergast lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. Mary Gilmore owned the land the house situated on, she did not own any farm buildings.

John Corley (47) lived with his wife Margaret (46). At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 23 years, had 7 children, 7 of whom were still alive in 1911. John recorded his occupation as a blacksmith. Margaret did not list her occupation. They lived their 7 single children. Patt (17) documented his occupation as a labourer. William (15), John (13), Michael (11) and Cathrin [sic] (7) were all listed as scholars. The 7 eldest members of the family could read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. Naturally Margrat [sic] (4) and Thomas (1) could not read at this early age. There was no language documented for them. The Corley family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. John Corley owned the land his house situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 forge.

John Prendergast (84) lived with his wife Catherine (72). At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 49 years, had 8 children, 7 of whom were alive in 1911. They lived with their son Pat (47), daughter-in-law Kate (41), 4 grandsons and 1 granddaughter. Pat and Kate were married for 14 years, had 6 children 5 of whom were still alive in 1911. John documented his occupation as a retired farmer. Catherine did not document her occupation. Pat recorded his occupation as a farmer. Kate did not record her occupation. John (13), Martin (11) Mollie (9) William (4) and Patrick (2) were all documented as scholars. John could not read or write. Catherine could read only. Pat, Kate, John, Martin and Mollie could read and write. The 5 eldest members of the family spoke Irish and English. Naturally William and Patrick could not read or write at this early age. The Prendergast family lived in a 2nd house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. John Prendergast owned the land his house situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

Thomas Forde (43) lived with his wife Margaret (35). Thomas worked as a farmer. He could not read. There was no occupation documented for Margaret but she could read and write. At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 8 years, had 4 children, 4 of whom were still alive in 1911. Only 3 of their children were recorded on the census form, Michael (6), Thomas (4) and Bridget (2). Thomas’s father-in-law Michael Quinn (84) who was a widower and could not read listed his occupation as a retired farmer. Michael and Thomas were listed as scholars. Michael could read but his 2 younger siblings could not read. The Forde family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. Michael Quinn owned the land the house situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Michael Prendergast (70) was a widower and a shopkeeper, he lived with his son John (25) who recorded his occupation as a shopman and his granddaughter Mary Kate Mickleson [sic](13) who was listed as a scholar. They could all read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. The shop was a 2nd class building with 5 front windows and the shop had 3 rooms. Michael Prendergast owned the land his shop was situated but he did not own any out buildings.

 

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This page was added on 16/02/2015.

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