Drum

Civil Parish of Addergoole

Pauline Connolly

Drum Townland Stone
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Drum

An Droim, a ridge

Drum is situated in the civil parish of Addergoole, barony of Dunmore, County Galway. It is located in the west central part of the parish, bounded on the north by Cloondroon and Coollicknealea, on the east by Cloonacrusha, on the west by Gortnagunned and on the south by Killerneen.

The Down Survey map 1641 (pre Cromwell) and 1670 (post Cromwell) shows that the land was owned by the Earl of Clanrickard, a protestant. It also shows that 53 plantation acres were profitable.

O’Donovan’s field names books 1838 provides 2 variations of spellings of this townland: Drum and Druim. According to this source, Drum was the property of W Laurence, Esq, Newtown Laurence, County Galway. It contains 279½ acres stature measure including approximately 75 acres of bog and 14¼ acres of water. There is a triangulation station in the central part of Drum.

Census 1841 – 1851

The 1841 – 1851 census states Drum consisted of 279 acres 3 roods 30 perches. In 1841, there were 106 inhabitants, 49 were male and 57 were female. 17 houses were inhabited. In 1851, there were 14 houses, 10 houses were inhabited and 4 houses were uninhabited. In 1851, the population decreased from 106 inhabitants to 47 inhabitants, 20 were male and 27 were female. The Poor Law Valuation rate paid was £94-15-0.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

Courtney K Clarke leased tenements to the following tenants: Patrick Conroy, John Duggan, Michael Conry [sic], Patrick Conry [sic], Mary Murphy and Michael Mooney. Patrick Conry paid a rent of £19 for 36 acres 2 roods 3 perches of land. John Duggan paid £1-15-0 for 1 acre 1 rood 6 perches of house, office and land. Michael and Patrick Conry together paid £22-30-0 for 46 acres 1 rood 26 perches of house, office and land. Mary Murphy paid £7-10-0 for 16 acres 1 rood 4 perches of house, office and land. Michael Mooney paid £11 for 19 acres 3 roods 2 perches of house, office and land.

Thomas Seymour leased tenements to the following tenants: John McHugh, Michael Flattery, James Flattery, Matthew Flattery and Thomas Kirrane. John McHugh paid £5-5-0 for 10 acres 3 roods 5 perches of office and land. Michael Flattery paid £34 for 53 acres of house, offices and land. James Flattery paid £15-10-0 for 23 acres 1 rood 31 perches of house, office and land. Matthew Flattery paid £7 for 10 acres 0 roods 5 perches of land. Thomas Kirrane paid £6-5-0 for 9 acres 1 rood 30 perches of land and house.

Thomas Seymour retained two areas for himself. The first area consisted of 38 acres 1 rood 17 perches of bog. The 2nd area was specified as reclaimed land and water. The land and water consisted of 14 acres 2 rood 21 perches. Thomas paid £1 for these 2 areas. The total annual valuation of rateable property paid was £131-15-0 for a total area of 279 acres 3 roods 30 perches.

Census 1901

The census forms were collected on the 1st April 1901 showed that there were 12 households in Drum. There were 60 inhabitants. 24 were male, 36 were female. All inhabitants were Roman Catholics.Each house was built as private dwelling. There was just 1 2nd class house that was uninhabited. The house roof and walls were made of permanent material. Catherine Conroy owned the land on which this house was situated. The heads of households were: Henry Flattery, John Heneghan, Sarah Kirrane, John McHugh, Thomas Mooney, James Daly, Catherine W [sic] Conroy, Michael Conroy, Michael Mullaney, Elizabeth Flattery and Margaret Murphy.[2]

Henry Flattery was a 60 year old farmer. He was married to Honoria (50) who listed her occupation as a farmer’s wife. They lived with their 5 unmarried children. Denis (20) and Henry (19) recorded their occupations as farmer’s sons. Winfred (16) documented her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. Eleanor (10) and Patrick (6) were scholars. The 6 eldest members of the household were able to read and write. The youngest child Patrick could read. The 5 eldest members of the household spoke Irish and English. All members of the Flattery family were born in County Galway except for Honora; she was born in County Mayo. The Flattery family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Their house had 3 rooms. The house roof and house walls were made of permanent material. Henry Flattery owned the land on which his house was situated along with 5 farm buildings.

John Heneghan was a 48 year old farmer. He was married to Honor who was 45 years old. There was no occupation listed for Honor. They lived with their 8 unmarried children. Mary (21) and Kate (17)  recorded their occupation as farmer’s daughters. Julia (20) worked as a dressmaker. Michael (13), Delia (11), Martin (9), Ellen (6) and Thomas (4) were scholars. The eldest 8 members of the household could read and write. The 2 youngest children could read. The eldest 9 members of the household spoke Irish and English. There was no language listed for the youngest child. The entire family were born in County Galway. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. 10 people occupied 2 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. John Heneghan owned the land on which his house was situated along with 4 farm buildings.

Sarah Kirrane was a 40 year old unmarried woman who spoke Irish and English. There was no occupation listed for her. She was born in County Galway. She also could read and write. Sarah lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and her house just had 1 room. The house roof was made of perishable material. The house walls were made of permanent material. Sarah Kirrane owned the land on which her house was situated along with 3 farm buildings.

John McHugh was a 75 year old farmer. He was married to Kate who was 74 years old and listed her occupation as a farmer’s wife. They lived with their son Michael (43) and daughter-in-law Bridget (38). Michael recorded his occupation as a farmer’s son. Bridget listed her occupation as a farmer’s wife. The grandchildren in the house were: Delia (16), Kate (14), John (12), Margaret (10), Patrick (8), Mary (6), Thomas (4) and Annie (2). Delia recorded her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. Children aged between 14 and 6 years of age were scholars. The 5 eldest members of the household spoke Irish and English. The 8 eldest members of the household could read and write except for 74 year old Kate; she could not read. The 3 youngest children could not read at this stage of their lives. The entire McHugh family were all born in County Galway. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. 12 people occupied just 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. John McHugh owned the land on which his house was situated along with 4 farm buildings.

Thomas Mooney was a 42 year old farmer. He was married to wife Mary who was 38 years old. He lived with his mother Bridget Mooney who was a 74 year old widower. All 3 occupants spoke Irish and English. Thomas and Bridget were not able to read. Mary could read and write. Thomas and Bridget were born in County Galway. Mary was born in County Mayo. The Mooney family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and the house had 1 room. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. Thomas Mooney owned the land on which his house was situated along with 2 farm buildings.

James Daly was a 60 year old widower who worked as a farmer. James could not read. He lived with his son James (20) and daughter Maggie (22). James and Maggie were both unmarried who could read and write. John worked as a general labourer. Maggie listed her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. All 3 occupants spoke Irish and English. They were all born in County Galway. The Daly family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and the house had 2 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. James Daly owned the land on which his house was situated along with 4 farm buildings.

Catherine W Conroy was a 60 year old widow. She worked as a farmer. Catherine lived with her son Thomas (34), daughter-in-law Ellen (29), granddaughter Filly (1), her daughter Delia (25) and her son James (23). Thomas and James listed their occupations as farmer’s sons. Ellen recorded her occupation as farmer’s wife. Delia stated her occupation was a farmer’s daughter. All of the family could read and write except for the grandchild; naturally she could not read. They could all speak Irish and English with the exception of the grandchild. All occupants were born in County Galway. The Conroy family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. 6 people shared 2 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. Catherine Conroy owned the land on which her house was situated along with 4 farm buildings.

Michael Conroy was a 40 year old farmer. He was married to Ceilla [sic]. She was a 30 years old who documented her occupation as a farmer’s wife. They both spoke Irish and English. They could also read and write. They lived with their 4 children: John (7) was a scholar, Delia (5), Michael (3) and Ceilla (1). The 2 daughters could not read while the 2 sons could read. Ellen Feerick, a niece to the head of family was recorded on the census form. She was 15 years old. She could read and write. She also spoke Irish and English. All occupants were born in County Galway except for the head of family’s wife Ceilla; she was born in County Mayo. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. 7 people occupied 2 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. Michael Conroy owned the land on which his house was situated along with 4 farm buildings.

Michael Mullaney was a 77 year old widower. He worked as farmer. He lived with his 23 year old daughter Ellen who listed her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. Michael could not read while Ellen could read and write. They could both speak Irish and English. They were born in County Galway. Michael and Ellen lived in a 3rd class house with 1 front window and the house had just 1 room. The house walls were made of permanent material while the house roof was made of perishable material. Michael Mullaney owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 farm building.

Elizabeth Flattery was a 45 year old widowed farmer. She could read only. She also spoke Irish and English. Elizabeth lived with her 5 unmarried children. John (26) listed his occupation as a farmer’s son. He could speak Irish and English. Celia (22) was a national school teacher. Winnie (20) recorded her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. Lizzie (11) and Patrick (8) were scholars. All of the children could read and write. The family were all born in Galway. The family lived in a 3rd class house with no front windows. 6 people occupied just 1 room. The house roof was made of perishable material. The house walls were made of permanent material. Elizabeth Flattery owned the land on which her land was situated along with 2 farm buildings.

Margaret Murphy was a 50 year old farmer. She lived with her 2 sisters. Katherine Murphy was 47 years old. Mary Dunne was a 75 year old widow. Margaret and Katherine were unmarried. The 3 sisters all spoke Irish and English. Margaret and Katherine could read. Mary could read and write. All 3 sisters were born in County Galway. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 front window. They occupied just 1 room. The house roof was made of perishable material. The house walls were made of permanent material. Margaret Murphy owned the land on which her house was situated. She did not own any farm buildings.

Census 1911

The census forms which were collected on the 21st April 1911 showed that there were 11 households in Drum in 1911. There were 55 inhabitants. 24 were male and 31 were female. The residents were Roman Catholics. . The heads of households were: Honor Flaherty, Sarah Kirrane, John Henahan, Catherine McHugh, Elizabeth Flattery, Michael Mullaney, Thomas Mooney, James Daly, Celia Conroy, Thomas Conroy and Thomas Madden. The census forms which were collected on the 21st April 1911 showed that all houses were built as private dwellings. All houses were built as private dwellings. Overall there were 55 out-offices and farm buildings. There were 6 stables, 1 coach house, 10 cow houses, 3 calf houses, 10 piggeries, 10 fowl houses, 9 barns, 1 shed and 5 cart houses.

Honor Flattery was a 68 year old widow who worked as a farmer. She was born in County Mayo. She lived with her 4 single children. Peter was 24 years old who documented his occupation as a farmer’s son. Winifred was 27 years old. Ellen was 22 years old. Patrick was 17 years old. All of the children were born in County Galway. The whole Flattery family were able to read and write. Honor was the only occupant listed that could speak Irish and English. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 6 rooms. The house walls and house roof were made of permanent material. Honor Flattery owned the land on which the house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Sarah Kirrane was a single 72 year old farmer. She lived with her widowed 70 year old sister Margaret Duddy. They were both born in County Galway. Sarah’s 2 nieces who were born in English were recorded on the census form. Mary Duddy (10) and Sarah Duddy (8) were scholars. The entire household could read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Sarah Kirrane owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 cart house.

John Henahan [sic] was a 69 year old farmer. At the time of the 1911, he was married to Honor for 38 years, had 11 children, 9 of whom were still alive in 1911. Honor was 67 years old. There was no occupation listed for her. John and Honor lived with their 4 single children. Patrick (28) worked as a grocer’s clerk. Martin (26) listed his occupation as a farmer’s son. Ellen (16) and Thomas (14) were scholars. John was born in County Mayo. Honor and the children were born in County Galway. All of the family were able to read and write. They also spoke Irish and English. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. John Henahan owned the land on which his land was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 cart house.

Catherine McHugh was an 84 year old widow. She could not read. She lived with her son Michael (53) and her daughter-in-law Bridget (48). Michael worked as a farmer. At the time of the 1911 census, Michael and Bridget were married for 27 years, had 11 children, 11 of whom were still alive in 1911. They lived with their 8 single children. Delia (25) had no occupation listed for her. Patrick (18) listed his occupation as a farmer’s son. Mary (16) recorded her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. Thomas (14), Norah (12), Julia (10) and Ellen (7) were scholars. Winifred was 3 years old. The 9 eldest members of the household spoke Irish and English. All occupants aged between 53 and 7 years of age were able to read and write. Catherine and Winifred could not read. The entire McHugh were born in County Galway. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Michael McHugh owned the land on which the house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 cart house.

Elizabeth Flattery was a 69 year widow who worked as a farmer. She could read only. She lived with her 3 single children. John (34) and Patrick (18) documented their occupations as farmer’s sons. Elizabeth A (20) listed her occupation as a farmer’s daughter. The 3 children could read and write. All of the Flattery family were born in County Galway. The head of family Elizabeth and John spoke English and Irish. There was no language listed for Patrick. The family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. 4 people occupied 2 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Elizabeth Flattery owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

Michael Mullaney was a 90 year old widower. He lived with his 29 year old daughter Ellen Diskin and his 31 year old son-in-law James Diskin. At the time of the 1911 census, Ellen and James were married for 3 years, had 1 child who was not alive in 1911. Michael could not read while Ellen and James could read and write. All 3 occupants could speak Irish and English. They were all born in County Galway. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. James Diskin owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house.

Thomas Mooney was a 68 year old farmer. He lived with his wife Mary who was 52 years old. At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 17 years and they had no children. Thomas was born in County Galway. Mary was born in County Mayo. Thomas could read and write while Mary could not read. They both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Thomas Mooney owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

James Daly was a 75 year old widower who worked as a farmer. He lived with his single 27 year old daughter Margaret. There was no occupation listed for his daughter. They were both born in County Galway. James could not read while Margaret could read and write. They both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. James Daly owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

Celia Conroy was a 40 year old widow. She worked as a farmer. She lived with her 5 single children. John (17) listed his occupation as a farmer’s son. Delia (15), Michael (13), Celia (11) and Thomas (10) were scholars. All of the Conroy family were born in County Galway. They could all read and write. The 5 eldest members of the household spoke Irish and English. The Conroy family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Celia Conroy owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 cart house.

Thomas Conroy was a 45 year old farmer. At the time of the 1911 census, he was married to Ellen (48) for 11 years. They had 1 child who was still alive in 1911. Their daughter Delia was an 11 year old scholar. Thomas and Ellen spoke Irish and English. There was no occupation listed for Ellen. The 3 members of the Conroy family were able to read and write. They were all born in County Galway. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house walls were made of permanent material. The house roof was made of perishable material. Thomas Conroy owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 cart house.

Thomas Madden (50) worked as a railway ganger. He was married to Winifred (42). At the time of the 1911 census, they were married for 20 years, had 11 children, 9 of whom were still alive in 1911. They lived with their 7 children. Mary Margaret (19) and Ellen (15) had no occupations listed. Thomas (14), Morris (12), Winifred (8) and Patrick (6) were scholars. Denis was 2 years old. The 7 eldest members of the household could read and write. Thomas, his wife and they also spoke Irish and English. The Madden family were all born in County Galway. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 front windows and the house had 3 rooms. The house roof and house walls were made of permanent material. GS&W Railway Company owned the land on which the house was situated along with 1 fowl house.

 

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[1] Boundary Survey Sketch Map, Pat Grady (miller), Inq Temp Jac I  http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/asp/fullresult.asp?id=36661 (12th August 2014)

[2] The B.2 Return of farm buildings are missing online (12th August 2014)

This page was added on 25/10/2014.

Comments about this page

  • Photo from 1970’s of train at level crossing in Drim: Geograph

    By R (06/10/2015)

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